In general casino history is very long and interesting but if talking about US casino history there are some contradicting points. According to the organization of Christiansen Capital Advisors, in the year 2001 the US general turnover of the legal gaming industry reached $827 billion while the illegal trafficking made out about $380 billion. Thus the overall rate of the bank amounted to the lotteries and different casino games was $1.2 trillion. According to the Washington ProFile news agency, the U.S. attitude toward online gambling has always been critical enough, but if it had no threat to public, government, church and community they have tolerated it.
During the 1700′s and 1800′s the city of New Orleans was a Mecca for players, despite the fact that gambling was forbidden in the state for a long time. In the XIX century, gambling used to be a victim of the struggle for moral principles in society. So, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) gambling legal business almost completely disappeared in all the states. However, gambling flourished until the end of XIX century in the saloons of town near the Mexican border. The main clients of these establishments were cowboys, traveling salesmen and miners. At the same times public lotteries industry suffered serious damage from a number of scandals related to fraud in which the organizers of lotteries were incriminated. By the year 1862 the entire country had only two states (Missouri and Kentucky) which were allowed to conduct public lotteries. Such policies were associated with the Victorian era impact on the American society.
The long reign of Queen Victoria (1819-1901) was characterized by a special concern about the moral foundations of society and the proliferation of conservative values. By 1900, in accordance with federal law all the United States lotteries were closed. Many states have closed casinos and forbade horse racing bets.
By the early twentieth century the American Union included 45 states while during the period between 1907 and 1912 the union included Oklahoma, New Mexico and Arizona. One of the main conditions for statehood was closing of all the casinos. The interest in the gambling industry appeared some two decades later. In 1930 betting on horse races and charity lotteries were legalized again in many states. A special place in the history of gambling is given to the several events that occurred in 1930 in Nevada where today’s world’s gambling capital – Las Vegas is situated.
In 1930 the state legislature passed a law authorizing the activities of a casino. Unusual for the then U.S. decision was due to several factors. However, the present gambling industry started expanding only with the end of the Great Depression and with the beginning of economic recovery in the 1940′s. In 1978, the first legal casino outside of Nevada (Las Vegas) was opened in Atlantic City, New Jersey. In early 1960 New Hampshire became the first state in which the lotteries were legalized again. A separate branch of gambling was “Indian casinos”.
In February 1987 the U.S. Supreme Court recognized the right of the indigenous inhabitants of the United States to conduct gaming on reserves, and a year later, Congress enacted the regulation of Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, which allowed Indian tribes opening gaming establishments on Indian reservations.
Now 48 U.S. states (out of 50) are allowed and there are only two states (Hawaii and Utah) where gambling is still completely prohibited. Today many Americans stop playing at common casinos and start their gambling career at play Europa Casino online.